Emergent Relativistic Effects in Condensed Matter
From Fundamental Aspects to Electronic Functionality

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26.03.2020

Magnetoconductance, quantum Hall effect, and Coulomb blockade in topological insulator nanocones


R. Kozlovsky, A. Graf, D. Kochan, K. Richter, C. Gorini,

Physical Review Letters

Magnetotransport through cylindrical topological insulator (TI) nanowires is governed by the interplay between quantum confinement and geometric (Aharonov-Bohm and Berry) phases. Here, we argue that the much broader class of TI nanowires with varying radius—for which a homogeneous coaxial magnetic field induces a varying Aharonov-Bohm flux that gives rise to a nontrivial masslike potential along the wire is accessible by studying its simplest member, a TI nanocone. Such nanocones allow us to observe intriguing mesoscopic transport phenomena: While the conductance in a perpendicular magnetic field is quantized due to higher-order topological hinge states, it shows resonant transmission through Dirac Landau levels in a coaxial magnetic field. Furthermore, it may act as a quantum magnetic bottle, confining surface Dirac electrons and leading to a largely interaction-dominated regime of Coulomb blockade type. We show numerically that the above-mentioned effects occur for experimentally accessible values of system size and magnetic field, suggesting that TI nanocone junctions may serve as building blocks for Dirac electron optics setups.

 

https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.126804
https://epub.uni-regensburg.de/41121/

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