Emergent Relativistic Effects in Condensed Matter
From Fundamental Aspects to Electronic Functionality

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19.01.2021

Floquet spin states in OLEDs


S. Jamali, V.V. Mkhitaryan, H. Malissa, A. Nahlawi, H. Popli, T. Grünbaum, S. Bange, S. Milster,
D.M. Stoltzfus, A.E. Leung, T.A. Darwish, P.L. Burn, J. M. Lupton, C. Boehme

Nature Communications

Electron and hole spins in organic light-emitting diodes constitute prototypical two-level systems for the exploration of the ultrastrong-drive regime of light-matter interactions. Floquet solutions to the time- dependent Hamiltonian of pairs of electron and hole spins reveal that, under non-perturbative resonant drive, when spin-Rabi frequencies become comparable to the Larmor frequencies, hybrid light-matter states emerge that enable dipole-forbidden multi-quantum transitions at integer and fractional g-factors. To probe these phenomena experimentally, we develop an electrically detected magnetic-resonance experiment supporting oscillating driving fields comparable in amplitude to the static field defining the Zeeman splitting; and an organic semiconductor characterized by minimal local hyperfine fields allowing the non-perturbative light-matter interactions to be resolved. The experimental confirmation of the predicted Floquet states under strong-drive conditions demonstrates the presence of hybrid light-matter spin excitations at room temperature. These dressed states are insensitive to power broadening, display Bloch-Siegert-like shifts, and are suggestive of long spin coherence times, implying potential applicability for quantum sensing.

 

S. Jamali, V.V. Mkhitaryan, H. Malissa, A. Nahlawi, H. Popli, T. Grünbaum, S. Bange, S. Milster, D.M. Stoltzfus, A.E. Leung, T.A. Darwish, P.L. Burn, J. M. Lupton, C. Boehme, Nature Communications 12, 465 (2021).


https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-20148-6

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